Wishes Level B22 Workbook Answers
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Wishes Level B22 Workbook Answers
the view of socrates held by hegel, on the other hand, is that the sophists do not really doubt, but that what they doubt is not the object, but the subject. socrates was aware that the world is unlike consciousness and cannot be reduced to it; he was aware that our consciousness and object are two different things. but in his search for certainty, he argued for a first principle of indeterminacy, namely, that truth is not an object, but a thought about an object. therefore, he thought we cannot know whether reality is like or unlike consciousness; he thought we cannot know that truth is like or unlike consciousness. he thought we cannot know whether what we say is true or false; he thought we cannot even know that our mind thinks. so he was aware that the world is a complex of objects, but he thought the world could be complex because it could be a complex of ways in which we relate to objects. and, for this reason, hegel thought his contribution to philosophy was a sort of thought about objectivity, the idea that we cannot know whether the world is like or unlike consciousness. in hegel’s reading of socrates, then, the question was about objectivity, the notion of the relation between subject and object, and he tried to show how thought about objects is not simple, but complex.
g. f. hegel, lectures on the philosophy of world history, trans. j. sibree (oxford: oxford university press, 1956), 300-1. hegel critiques the sophists as persons “who are not good-at-something and who are born as though they are not-good-at-something. they are not right-at-something but can be right at something else. but this something else is not determined; it is rather a logical possibility of reason. [.. ] nature is not-at-something, the world is not anything; there is no-thing.” in his philosophy, hegel contrasts “objectivity” and “subjectivity” to show that the former is philosophically and historically later.
in the second dialogue, the apology, socrates is once again summoned to answer a charge, but this time of corrupting the youth (21a). he refuses to become a professional (skopos) seeking out young, impressionable people and pandering to their desire for money. he defends himself by arguing that although he may seem successful in the pursuit of sophistry (eikon), that in the case of someone such as himself as he sees it, that is not so. socrates has come to understand that this characteristic of sophistry as a craft of flattery, speaking inappropriately about one’s character, is connected with another characteristic of sophistry, the attempt at an impure end of money, gold, which was said above to be its only purpose, the desire to make money. here is the exchange between socrates and the prosecutor
from you, aeschines, i do expect flattery, and so i call you a flatterer; but what i cannot and will not expect is that a flatterer will talk falsely, as you are wont to do about me. so in future i will certainly not answer you.
thanks for the question. overall, your questions seem pretty straightforward. the answer to your first question would depend on whether the instructor grades, mostly. if it is just to make you a better note-taker, you should follow the instructions and make sure you understand them. if you are being graded, you should understand how to construct a page so that it meets the standards of the course. you can use the online word processor, word processor.com , to access the online computers within your school, and create your page from there. if you don’t know how to create a page, be sure you ask the instructor and follow their advice. as far as your second question, yes, students can receive a certification by taking the cpa exam. students may also apply for their license by passing the cpa exam and passing the optional exams for a specialty (e.g. tax, risk, transaction regulation, banking, etc.).